“Taking a Negative Effect, Making a Positive Affect.”


If you would like to make a donation to The Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc., click on the Paypal button and you will be redirected to Paypal's secure site. No donation is too small and every dollar will help. The Foundation has and will continue to award academic scholarships to graduating seniors, and it is also seeking to build the Rosewood Black History Preservation and Research Center.


Read about how Alachua County’s African American ancestry contributed significantly to the area’s history in Lizzie Jenkins' book, Alachua County, Florida.

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Lizzie Jenkins has recorded the song she co-wrote with her mother, Theresa Brown Robinson.
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Lizzie PRB Jenkins

Founder and President of the Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc.

An Educator: Lizzie Polly Robinson Brown Jenkins was born October 25, 1938, in Archer, Florida, growing up on a farm with her parents, Ura McIntyre Robinson and Theresa Brown Robinson, skilled farmers. The youngest of five children, reared in a nurturing home, where she was expected to not only excel, but remember her strong upbringing and become significant in a purpose driven life. A lover of books at first sight and believed born to preserve the historic significance of a dedicated people, she continues to search for an end to a beginning. Lizzie was educated at Archer Negro High School and graduated from Lincoln High School in 1957. She received a BS Degree in Education from Florida Memorial University and a Master’s from Nova University. She taught in the Alachua County Public School System for thirty-three years, retiring at age fifty-five to assist with her mother's declining health.

lizzie-blueA Researcher: Demonstrating research and providing know-how is Lizzie Jenkins’ area of expertise. Jenkins has amassed more than twenty years of Rosewood research authenticating, documenting, and positioning a legacy for a new generation. "For unless we remember, neither we, nor future generations will understand." Research proved Jenkins’ aunt, the Rosewood schoolteacher, Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier, was believed the second African American Female principal in the state of Florida and was honored as one of Florida’s greatest 2000 Floridians, she was also a recipient of a Year 2000 Plaque that hangs at Archer Depot, the city’s property. Jenkins’ Rosewood aunt still holds the record as the first and only African American female principal in Levy County.

A Historian: Coming from a long line of historians, history makers, and storytellers, Jenkins’ mother, the family oral historian, often reminded Lizzie, “You must keep the leg in our legacy”, and strongly encouraged her to “Preserve History”, family and Rosewood. Jenkins’ mother, the family’s human bridge between research and resource, follows her own advice by providing facts to connect family to Rosewood’s Levy County history.

A Storyteller and Presenter: Jenkins, a treasured storyteller, is often lauded for her storytelling style based on facts without prejudice.

Click on the sliders below to view more information about Mrs. Lizzie PRB Jenkins.

Jenkins is Founder and President of the Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc.

  • 2012 – Fifth Annual Rosewood Scholarship and Awards
  • 2011 – Fifth Annual Return to Rosewood Healing Ceremony
  • 2011 – Second Annual Rosewood Labor Day Celebration
  • 2010 – Fourth Annual Return to Rosewood Healing Ceremony
  • 2010 – First Annual Rosewood Labor Day Celebration/Autism Walk in Archer
  • 2008 – Featured in Ted Koppel’s Documentary, “The Last Lynching” October 15, 2008
  • 2008 – Interviewed by Ted Koppel, Discovery Channel Journalist, Rosewood, FL
  • 2006 – Second Annual Rosewood Fundraiser: Paramount Hotel
  • 2006 – Published Rosewood Florida” Summary song of Rosewood
  • 2006 – Developed Power Point Presentation: Rosewood Florida
  • 2005 – First Annual Rosewood Fundraiser: Paramount Hotel
  • 2005 – Third Annual Return to Rosewood Healing Ceremony
  • 2004 – Second Annual Return to Rosewood Healing Ceremony
  • 2004 – Initiated and Co-wrote Rosewood Historic Marker
  • 2004 – Real Rosewood Foundation Co-sponsored Rosewood Historic Marker
  • 2004 – Requested Governor Bush Dedicate Rosewood Historic Marker
  • 2004 – Introduced Governor Bush at Rosewood Historic Marker Dedication
  • 2004 – Unveiled Rosewood Historic Marker with Rosewood Survivor
  • 2004 – Witnessed the Erection of the Rosewood Historic Marker
  • 2004 – Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc., Co-Sponsored Rosewood Historic Marker
  • 2003 – Initiated First Rosewood Peace and Healing Ceremony in Rosewood
  • 2000 – Great Floridians were awarded for their Great Contribution to Florida
  • 2000 – Rosewood Aunt Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier received Plaque
  • 1999 – Initiated Great Floridian 2000 Plaque for Rosewood Aunt

  • 2012 – Made email contact to bring First Lady Michelle E. Obama to (UF) Gainesville, FL
  • 2012 – Attended DNC National Convention as a Delegate, Charlotte, SC
  • 2012 – Attended FDP State Convention, Tampa, FL
  • 2011 – Attended FDP State Convention, Orlando, FL
  • 2010 – Attended FDP State Convention, Orlando, FL
  • 2009 – Attended President Barack Obama’s Inauguration, Washington, DC
  • 2008 – Attended Democratic National Convention as a Delegate, Denver, CO
  • 2008 – Ted Koppel finalized his interview of Lizzie Jenkins in Denver, CO
  • 2009 – Immediate Past President of Democratic Black Caucus of Florida

  • 2007 – Revised: A Tribute to Archer’s Black Senior Citizens
  • 2007 – Alachua County Florida
  • 2005 – Real Rosewood in Song
  • 2003 – Real Rosewood Volume I
  • 2001 – Real Rosewood
  • 1984 – A Tribute to Archer’s Black Senior Citizens
  • 1997 – Guest on Oprah Winfrey Show as Rosewood Descendant
  • 1995 – Co-wrote two Rosewood songs with her mother, Theresa Brown Robinson:
      1. Rosewood Florida  
      2. Rosewood, No More
  • 1994 – Assisted with passing the Rosewood Compensation House Bill 591

  • Schools
  • Churches
  • Colleges
  • Universities
  • Organizations
  • Prisons: Federal and State
  • Local TV
  • Newspaper Interviews (more than twenty)
  • Radio Interviews and Reviews since 1994

  • Alachua County Democratic Black Caucus
  • Archer Farmers Network
  • 2003 – The Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc.
  • 1999 – I, Too, Lived Rosewood, Inc.
  • 1986 – B.E.E.P. (Black Educators Excelling Professional)
  • 1984 – F.A.C.T.S. (Facts About Caring and Tutoring Students, after school student program)

  • February 17, 2000 – Jane Synder Matthews, Ph.D., Division Director Historic Resources
  • December 31, 2003 – Governor Jeb Bush, Congratulatory
  • December 30, 2003 – Daryl Jones, Former Senator and Sponsor of Rosewood Bill
  • December 16, 2003 – Bill Nelson, US Senator
  • December 16. 2003 – Cliff Stearns, United States Representative
  • January 2, 2004 – Governor Jeb Bush, Resolution
  • January 1, 2004 – Bob Graham, United States Senator and former Governor
  • January 1, 2004 – Charlie Crist, Attorney General and former Governor
  • January 1, 2004 – Neil L. Sullivan, UF Dean, African American Studies
  • January 16, 2004 – Catherine Clark State Historic Marker Coordinator
  • February 23, 2004 – Anne Heiligenstein, Director of Projects & Policy, Office of Laura Bush
  • September 29, 2004 – Superintendent Ronald Blocker, Orange County, Rosewood Descendant
  • September 22, 2010 – Met with Superintendent Dan Boyd, Alachua County, Verbal Support

  • W. Daniel Boyd, Superintendent, Alachua County
  • William “Bill” Cervone, State Attorney, District 8
  • April Griffin, School Board Member, Alachua County
  • Toni Collins, Levy County Historic Society Director
  • Marsha Drew, Levy County Commissioner
  • Ryan Bell, Levy County Commissioner
  • Danny Stevens, Levy County Commissioner Chair

  • AARP
  • Alachua County Black Cemetery Markings
  • Alachua County Democratic Executive Committee, Correspondent Secretary
  • Alachua County Democratic Women Club
  • Alachua County Retired Educators Association
  • Alachua County Virtual Cemetery Project
  • American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU)
  • Archer Farmer’s Network
  • Archer Historic Society
  • Charmettes, Inc., Immediate Past National Secretary
  • Charmette Recipient of the Eunice W. Thompson Merit Award
  • CARD: University of Florida Autism Foundation
  • Democratic Committeewoman at Precinct 11
  • DEC, DNC and FDP Committees
  • Delta Sigma Zeta Chapter (36 years local service) Past President, Secretary, Treasurer, VP
  • Equality Florida
  • Florida Farm Bureau Insurance
  • Florida Memorial University Alumni ‘61
  • Florida Sheriff’s Association
  • Florida State Democratic Black Caucus Immediate Past President
  • Florida Retired Educators Association
  • Florida Trust for Historic Preservation
  • Historic Black Colleges/Universities (HBCU)
  • Ida B. Wells 2012 Recipient during Women History Month
  • League of Women Voter
  • Lincoln High School Alumni
  • Matheson Historic Society
  • NAACP – Silver Life Member, Local Membership Chair, State Membership Committee National Pan Hellenic Council (NPHC)
  • Nova University Alumni ‘78
  • Paralyzed Veterans of America
  • Power House Family Worship Center
  • Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc., President and Executive Director
  • Rosewood Contact for the Rosewood Family Annual State Scholarship
  • Retired Educators Association (FREA)
  • St. Joseph Missionary Baptist Church
  • StoryCorps Interview (Jenkins’ Stories housed at Library of Congress/Smithsonian Institute)
  • The ARC
  • Van Accessibility: FDP and NAACP trained
  • Voter Registered Agent
  • Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, Inc.
  • Married to John M. Jenkins, Sr.

Contributing Historians

  • Theresa Marie Brown Robinson +

    theresa-robinsonThe mother of Lizzie Jenkins and the sister of Mahulda Carrier, Theresa Brown Robinson was a Rosewood historian who provided Lizzie enough information to interest and direct her in safeguarding Rosewood's history. She never lived in Rosewood but was given firsthand accounts of the brutality and senseless loss of life and property as witnessed by her sister, Mahulda. Theresa cautioned Lizzie to never insult or attack anyone for what happened to Mahulda because they did not instigate the Rosewood massacre.

    She instructed Lizzie, "Baby, just tell the story from what I'm telling you that was told to me by 'Sister' (her term of endearment for Mahulda). Let's write a song that will tell the Rosewood story."

    They accomplished her song-writing goal in 1995 and watched the movie ROSEWOOD before Theresa passed away in 1997.

    She was 21 years old, single, and still living at home with her parents, Charlie and Lizzie Brown when Mahulda, her sister, was delivered home during the Rosewood massacre by her uncle, a taxicab owner, from the Archer depot on January 4, 1923.

  • Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier +

    Mahulda Brown Unmarried at Graduation-1910She was born Mahulda Gussie Brown on May 5, 1894 in Archer, Florida to Mr. and Mrs. Charlie Louis Brown and Lizzie Polly Brown. Mahulda was a schoolteacher in Rosewood from 1915–1923. While in Rosewood, she married Aaron Carrier on December 19, 1917. Her husband was indirectly accused of the rape of a white woman which made him the first target for the angry mob. She escaped Rosewood, as did her husband although he was severely beaten. Aaron was rescued by Levy County Sheriff Elias R. "Bob" Walker.

    After the Rosewood tragedy, the Carriers moved more than fifteen times, escaping building fear. Mahulda lived in fear until her death on April 25, 1948 in Tampa, Florida at the Clara Frye Hospital. Because she changed her name often, “Mahulda G. Carroll” is written on her headstone.

    The Real Rosewood Foundation, Inc.'s President, Lizzie Robinson Brown Jenkins, is Mahulda Carrier's neice. Lizzie’s mother strongly encouraged her to preserve the Rosewood history, never forgetting her Rosewood sister, Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier’s suffrage. Today Carrier is featured in the 2000 Great Floridians Magazine. Her name is included in the script on the Rosewood Historic Marker. Her name and a photo of the historic marker is listed in the third edition of the Florida Black Heritage Trail. Carrier is also featured in a book, Alachua County Florida, by Lizzie PRB Jenkins.

    On January 1, 2000, a plaque bearing Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier’s name was hung on the porch of the Archer Train Depot, the same depot Carrier exited January 4, 1923, driven by the Bryce Brothers. The 2000 Great Floridian Plaque was sponsored by the City of Archer, her hometown.

  • 1

Rosewood History

A brief recount from Lizzie Jenkins when asked about Rosewood... 

"No, my mother (Theresa Robinson) never lived in Rosewood. Archer is home to both she and her sister, the Rosewood schoolteacher, Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier, from 1915 to 1923. I can easily leave out important details because I take for granted that everyone knows the story. That's what I mean by being too close to the story.

When my aunt Mahulda Gussie Brown Carrier escaped from Rosewood, she was met at the Archer Depot train station about 5AM on January 4th, 1923 and brought to the home of her parents where my mother, Theresa Brown Robinson was there waiting for her along with their mother, Lizzie Polly Brown and three younger brothers. Her husband and father to Theresa and Mahulda, the three brothers were on the job in Mulberry, Florida. He as a fireman / boxman for the Atlanta Seaboard Railroad  (Negroes did not hold such high paying jobs as a fireman, he was a Negro that passed for white). He was also an unofficial member of the KKK.

When he got home, he checked in on his daughter, Mahulda, questioned her vigorously to ensure that she was alright. Mahulda's answers did not please him. 'He was foaming at the mouth like a bottle of beer,' my mother, Theresa said. Almost speechless, he strongly believed she was not telling the full story of what happened to her. On day five of the massacre, as sure as he could breathe, he mounted his horse and went to Rosewood with his Winchester rifle on his side and his walking cane sword on the other side. He did not stop until he got to Sumner where the fight that led to the Rosewood massacre originated. He wanted to know what happened to his daughter, the schoolteacher.

Charlie's wife, Lizzie Brown, begged him not to go to Rosewood. Deaf ears. Their praying switched for his safety. They had for four days prayed for Mahulda’s safe return, now it was time to prayer for their father and husband.

His questions about her safety and well-being were so powerful that he had to regroup, get on his horse and head back home. The family suspected certain actions that he could not hide. Mom (Theresa) said he really wanted to finish them off by himself but instead returned home angry. Things were calming down but smoke and stench from burning bodies (black and white) were still in the air.

Can't talk about it anymore. Let me know what else you need."